Summary of evidence about economic, health, and social inequities faced by LGBTQ2S-Plus individuals in Canada


This report presents a summary of evidence about economic, health, and social inequities faced by LGBTQ2S+ individuals in Canada, gathered as part of a multi-phase, mixed-methods research initiative. Funded by Women and Gender Equality Canada (WAGE) and carried out by the Social Research and Demonstration Corporation, the project was conducted in partnership with Pride at Work Canada, the Labour Market Information Council, and Dr. Sean Waite at the University of Western Ontario. The report integrates findings from all phases of the research, offering recommendations. It also proposes a conceptual framework summarizing the key factors influencing employment and labour market outcomes for LGBTQ2S+ people in Canada.

The findings from this project suggest that LGBTQ2S+ individuals in Canada continue to face economic, health, and social inequities that are systemic and mutually reinforcing. These include but are not limited to greater rates of poverty and homelessness, disparities in annual employment earnings, lower rates of life and job satisfaction, poorer general and mental health, increased stress, higher rates of food insecurity, and lower rates of community belonging. Gender minority and bisexual-identified individuals are among those consistently reporting the poorest outcomes. Our findings point towards solutions in the realm of data, research, and policy to address the observed inequities.