Graduate labour market

Current and Completed Projects:

Literature Review on effective labour market programs and services to assist youth and social assistance recipients to integrate into the labour market

ESDC has commissioned SRDC to undertake literature reviews of labour market programs that have been shown to be effective for integrating youth and social assistance recipients into the labour market. The focus is on recent (last five years) activation programs in Canada and OECD countries.

Start-end date: November 2019 - July 2020
Sponsor: Employment and Social Development Canada

Characteristics of adults who return to Education and Training, and understanding the barriers to Adult Learning

This project seeks to examine the characteristics of Canadian adult learners with labour market experience who took further education or training for upskilling or reskilling, as well as those who expressed an unmet learning need and want. The project analyzes data from the Longitudinal International Survey of Adults linked to tax records to gain a better understanding of adult learners, including: causes and correlations for (re)entry into education and training, such as job loss, change in family status or other life events; and the barriers adults face in pursuing education and training. The research also considers how federal and provincial/territorial student financial assistance programs can better support adult learners.

Start-end date: October 2019 - May 2020
Sponsor: Employment and Social Development Canada

Follow-up survey of Willingness to Pay (Choices) study participants

This project extends SRDC’s previous study on Willingness to Borrow for post-secondary education (PSE) – a project funded by the Higher Education Quality Council of Ontario and the now-defunct Canada Millennium Scholarship Foundation. The original fieldwork used an innovative, laboratory experiment design to assess receptivity to various types of PSE financing among Canadian students in their final year of high school. The experiment took place during the 2008-09 academic year, and involved 1,248 students from 12 different schools in Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, and Quebec. After completing the experiment, the vast majority of the original sample agreed to being contacted for a follow-up study. This project initiates the follow-up survey to track ten years of post-high school outcomes among the original participating students. The survey is to generate a unique longitudinal data set for use by CIRANO and SRDC researchers, linking activities in the final year of high school to PSE enrolment and persistence outcomes in the context of a uniquely rich set of experimental and survey data from the original study, which captured preferences for PSE, willingness to pay and borrow as well as the experimental assignment of grants and loans.

Start-end date: July 2019 - October 2020
Sponsor: CIRANO, Max Bell Foundation, and Employment and Social Development Canada

The role of career education during high school in postsecondary success

This project seeks to find better ways to support youths’ career decisions and make the case for policies that prolong learning into appropriately aligned postsecondary education. SRDC is using
two rich longitudinal data sources created to test experimental career interventions through the linkage of education records to surveys of youth and parents in three provinces. The data document the lives of 7,000 young Canadians, including their occupational aspirations as high school students at age 14, their postsecondary education and earnings outcomes over 10 years. Research tasks include the team mapping the students’ early collected occupational aspirations to their course and program choices as well as outcomes on leaving high school. SRDC’s researchers are taking advantage of the experimental design, but also using non-experimental methods to analyze the factors over this key period that caused changes in career choices, and altered career pathways. The study builds knowledge about (a) how and when to intervene to assist youth in their career decision making, and (b) for whom supports are effective yet currently lacking. The intent is to help equip the career counselling profession to respond authoritatively to increasingly urgent policy questions about how optimally to structure career education for young people. Positive and negative impacts of interventions and tracking of outcomes following specific mediators of advice (such as parents, teachers, counsellors, peers) would point to future best practices and the development of tools to support the work of counsellors and guide students in their planning and decision making regarding career choices early in, and throughout, high school.

Start-end date: February 2019 - January 2021
Sponsor: CERIC

Development of Business Case for Work Integrated Learning in Mining

This project is outlining the business case for work-integrated learning in the mining industry through interviews with industry stakeholders and secondary research on the benefits of work-integrated learning in mining and other sectors.

Start-end date: March 2018 - June 2018
Sponsor: Mining Industry Human Resources Council

Canadian Work Experience Pilots Evaluation: A Comparative Evaluation and Analysis

Immigration plays a critical role to Canada’s labour market and economic success. However, highly skilled newcomers to Canada face significant barriers trying to enter the labour market upon arrival. ESDC is addressing some of these barriers through the Targeted Employment Strategy for Newcomers (TESN). The TESN has three components, namely the Pre-arrival program; the FCR Loans Program; and the Canadian Work Experience Pilots, the subject of this evaluation, which tests innovative approaches to help skilled newcomers gain Canadian work experience in their professions. The purpose of this comprehensive evaluation of the Canadian Work Experience (CWE) pilot projects is to conduct a comparative analysis of the pilot sites in order to provide solid evidence on which to base Canadian work experience programs on. The findings of the two-year pilot program will be used to identify the most promising practices to resolve the issues around first Canadian work experience.

Start-end date: January 2018 - April 2020
Sponsor: Employment and Social Development Canada

How youth develop career decisions

Making use of existing literature from Canada and abroad, this study examines when, where and how youth use labour market information to make postsecondary education and career-related decisions, including recommendations for the development and refinement of labour market information tools and initiatives. The report includes design considerations, critical features and strategies including those to adopt and those to avoid.

Start-end date: February 2015 - March 2015
Sponsor: Employment and Social Development Canada

NextStep

NextStep is a multi-dimensional mentorship intervention designed to help highly educated, trained, and unemployed British Columbians better integrate into BC’s labour market. These individuals have been referred to by some researchers as "Poorly Integrated New Entrants" (PINEs). The YWCA Metro Vancouver is responsible for the development and implementation of NextStep. The intervention includes different types of mentorship programs to support better career development opportunities. The BC Centre for Employment Excellence (Centre), commissioned by the YWCA, is conducting the research and evaluation.

Start-end date: January 2015 - November 2017
Sponsor: YWCA Metro Vancouver

Market Study and Feasibility Study related to the offer of trades and applied technology programs in the Greater Toronto Area

The goal of the market and feasibility studies is to increase access to trades and applied technology programs for the Francophone population of the Greater Toronto Area (GTA). The market study focuses on various potential sources of labour force supply and demand based on labour market trends and economic forecasts in the GTA. Analyses address trades and apprenticeship training needs as dictated by the local economy, with an emphasis on the Francophone population. As for the feasibility study, it presents a partnership-based action plan to identify program and service delivery models in the GTA.

Start-end date: July 2014 - September 2014
Sponsor: Collège Boréal d’arts appliqués et de technologie + Collège d’arts appliqués et de technologie La Cité

Design for Evaluating an Online Career Development Services Intervention

A study assessing the feasibility of using a random assignment design for the evaluation of the delivery of a Web-based comprehensive Career Development Services (CDS) intervention that can improve the career development of older workers and recent immigrants, enabling them to make meaningful and effective decisions in relation to the labour market and to take action on those decisions.

Start-end date: September 2011 - November 2011
Sponsor: Human Resources and Skills Development Canada

CareerMotion

The evaluation of a demonstration project to provide reliable evidence on whether the labour market competencies of recent graduates from colleges and universities can be improved by providing them with job search and career planning tools that are tailored to their needs.

Start-end date: December 2008 - November 2011
Sponsor: Human Resources and Skills Development Canada
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Design of Possible Demonstration Projects to Assess the Impact of Labour Market Information

A study assessing the feasibility of using random assignment designs to explore options to improve labour market outcomes of three target groups (new immigrants, youth at risk, and small- and medium-size businesses) through the provision of labour market information tailored to their needs.

Start-end date: January 2008 - March 2008
Sponsor: Human Resources and Social Development Canada